Monument to Adam Mickiewicz (Krakow)
One of the most recognizable symbols of Krakow is the monument to Adam Mickiewicz. Near it, local residents make an appointment, tourists take pictures. A monument to the Polish poet is erected on the Main Market (this is the name of the square in Krakow, at the intersection of Sukkenice and Sennaya Streets).
What is interesting attraction?
The monument is a statue of the poet 10 m high. It is installed on a pedestal, in the lower part of which there are 4 allegorical images. The figure of the Motherland looks at Sennaya Street, Poetry at Grodskaya, Valor at the Cloth Hall, and Science at the Church of St. Wojcech. An inscription in Polish is engraved on the pedestal of the monument: Adamowi Mickiewiczowi Narod, which translates as “Adam Mickiewicz from the people”.
The author of the monument was the little-known sculptor Theodor Rieger in Poland. He was not appointed immediately. There was heated debate about the appearance and location of the monument. From 1880 to 1890 City authorities held a competition for the best project. According to the terms of the competition, the sculpture had to be made in the Renaissance style, from bronze and granite.
The victory went to Theodore Rieger in the third stage, when he went around more than 60 artists. His project decorated Krakow Square. Most of the amount is donations from citizens and those people who cherished the work of Adam Mickiewicz.
The object has gone through such periods of its existence:
Erection. The finished monument was erected in Krakow on June 16, 1898, timed to coincide with the centenary of the poet. All parts of the monument to Adam Mickiewicz in Krakow were cast in Nelli’s workshops in Rome. Where to install it, the mayor of the city decided. The choice had to be made between the three main squares of Krakow. At the opening of the monument was attended by the daughter and son of Adam Mickiewicz.
Destruction and restoration. Alas, the monument stood in its original form until August 17, 1940. On that day it was destroyed by the Nazis. Its fragments and debris were found in a landfill near Hamburg after the war. They were brought together, thus restoring the monument. The opening of the updated sculpture took place on November 26, 1950, on the centennial of the poet’s death.
The monument to Adam Mickiewicz in Krakow added to the list of the most famous Polish bronze sculptures. When the Poles agree to meet next to him, they say “under Adasem.” On Christmas Eve, florists decorate sculptures with flowers.
High school graduates come here not only to honor the poet. Polish schoolchildren have signs: after graduation, you need to come to the square, jump around the monument on one leg, and then the treasured certificate of maturity will certainly not go anywhere!