Culture of Poland
Since ancient times, it so happened that Poland was at the crossroads of the West and the East. For many years in Poland there were many different religions. At first it was paganism, then Christianity, later, when there was an era of becoming a Reich, the development of the country was influenced by Protestantism and Islam. This interweaving of religions, of course, influenced the cultural and historical heritage of Poland. Today in Poland many cultures of different peoples and civilizations are combined. Perhaps that is why, in Poland, surprisingly gifted artists, writers, musicians, masters of cinema and others.
Poland made a major contribution to world culture through its literature. As early as the thirteenth century, the very first Polish books were published. Nikolai Semp-Sazhinsky, Ignatius Krasitsky and Jan Kokhanovsky, outstanding masters of Europe, who worked in the Renaissance and Baroque.
Adam Matskevich is a classic of world literature, wrote his works at the beginning of the nineteenth century. In 1834, his most famous work, Pan Tadeusz, was written.
Alexander Glovatsky and Heinrich Sienkiewicz, in 1896, wrote the novel “Kamo Gryadeshi”, thanks to which they gained world fame and made their contribution to world culture. I also want to note that Senkevich was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. Do not forget that at the beginning of the twentieth century, the writer Vladislav Reymont, who wrote the novel “Peasants” in 1902, was also awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
Later, in the twentieth century, Jan Parandovsky, Maria Dombrovska and Kazimir Verzinsky gained their fame. Later creators, Cheslav Milos and Nobel Prize winner Stanislav Lem, who wrote science fiction works that gained worldwide popularity.
In the nineteenth century in Poland, at the peak of popularity was painting. Today, the works of these artists can be seen at various exhibitions in Warsaw, Krakow and other Polish cities.
Jan Matejko and his student Stanislav Vyspiansky were the most famous artists in Poland. He gained his fame thanks to the paintings “Battle of Grunwald”, “Union of Lublin”, “Constitution of May 3” and others. Vyspiansky became famous due to the painting of stained-glass windows of the Franciscan church and the cathedral on the Wawel in Krakow.
Frederic Chopin (1810 – 1849) became the founder of musical art in Poland, his works became known and popular throughout the world.
It is impossible not to mention Mikhail Oginsky, who wrote the famous polonaise “Farewell to the Homeland.”
King Szymanowski at the beginning of the twentieth century, took a leading place among composers.
At the end of the war, in Poland, jazz became popular. The organizer of the first international jazz festival in Poland was Leopold Tyrmand. Today in Europe there is a jazz festival known as Jazz Jamboree.
During the time of socialism, the most popular was the Chervona Guitar group and its soloist Marylya Rodovich, whose records diverged in huge circulation.
Now in Poland there are world-famous performers. For example, the band Behemoth, which performs music in the style of black metal. This group gathers large stadiums in the USA and in Europe.
Cinema in Poland is also developing rapidly. In the early nineties, Polish filmmakers took part in the filming of Steven Spielberg’s Schindler’s List. Three members of the crew were awarded Oscars.
The most famous Polish directors are: Andrzej Wajda, Krzysztof Zanussi and Roman Polyansky.